A $15 Hourly Minimum Wage? Some Jobs Are Not Worth Doing for Less

This article first appeared on RobertReich.org.

Have you noticed how often conservatives who disagree with a policy proposal call it a “job killer”?

They’re especially incensed about proposals to raise the federal minimum wage. They claim it will force employers to lay off workers worth hiring at the current federal minimum of $7.25 an hour but not at a higher minimum.

But as Princeton University economist Alan Krueger pointed out recently in The New York Times, “research suggests that a minimum wage set as high as $12 an hour will do more good than harm for low-wage workers.”

That’s because a higher minimum puts more money into the pockets of people who will spend it, mostly in the local economy. That spending encourages businesses to hire more workers. Which is why many economists, like Krueger, support raising the federal minimum to $12 an hour.

What about $15 an hour?

Across America, workers at fast-food and big-box retail establishments are striking for $15. Some cities are already moving toward this goal. Bernie Sanders is advocating it. A national movement is growing for a $15 hourly minimum.

Yet economists are nervous. Krueger says a $15 hourly minimum would “put us in uncharted waters, and risk undesirable and unintended consequences” of job loss. Yet maybe some jobs are worth risking if a strong moral case can be made for a $15 minimum.

That moral case is that no one should be working full time and still remain in poverty. People who work full time are fulfilling their most basic social responsibility. As such, they should earn enough to live on.

A full-time worker with two kids needs at least $30,135 this year to be safely out of poverty. That’s $15 an hour for a 40-hour workweek. Any amount below this usually requires government make up the shortfall—using tax payments from the rest of us to finance food stamps, Medicaid, housing assistance and other kinds of help.

What about the risk of job loss? Historically, such a risk hasn’t deterred us from setting minimum work standards based on public morality.

The original child labor laws that went into effect in many states at the turn of last century were opposed by business groups that argued such standards would raise the costs of business and force employers to lay off large numbers of young workers. But America decided the employment of young children was morally wrong.

The safety laws enacted in the wake of the tragic Triangle Shirt Waste Factory fire of 1911, which killed 145 workers, were also deemed “job killers.” “We are of the opinion that if the present recommendations [for stricter building codes] are insisted upon...factories will be driven from the city,” argued New York’s association of realtors.

But New York and hundreds of other cities enacted them nonetheless because they viewed unsafe sweatshops morally objectionable.  

It was the same with the 1938 legislation mandating a 40-hour workweek with time-and-a-half for overtime, along with the first national minimum wage. “It will destroy small industry,” predicted Georgia Congressman Edward Cox. It’s “a solution of this problem which is utterly impractical and in operation would be much more destructive than constructive to the very purposes which it is designed to serve,” charged Representative Arthur Phillip Lamneck of Ohio.

America enacted fair labor standards anyway because it was the right thing to do.  

Over the years, America has decided that certain kinds of jobs—jobs that were done by children, or were unsafe, or required people to work too many hours, or below poverty wages—offend our sense of decency. So we’ve raised standards and lost such jobs. In effect, we’ve decided such jobs aren’t worth keeping.

Even if a $15 an hour minimum wage risks job losses, it is still the right thing to do.

Robert B. Reich, chancellor’s professor of public policy at the University of California, Berkeley, was secretary of labor in the Clinton administration. Time magazine named him one of the 10 most effective Cabinet secretaries of the 20th century. He has written 13 books, including the best-sellers Aftershock and The Work of Nations. His latest, Beyond Outrage, is now out in paperback. He is also a founding editor of theAmerican Prospect magazine and chairman of Common Cause. His film, Inequality for All, is now available on Netflix, iTunes, DVD and on demand.

發表時間:2017年6月23日 | 評論 (0) | 全文

50 Cent Files for Bankruptcy After $5 Million Privacy Lawsuit Loss

Rapper Curtis James Jackson III, better known as 50 Cent, filed for bankruptcy on Monday, a move that could affect the amount of damages he'll be required to pay in an invasion-of-privacy lawsuit.

A jury recently awarded the lawsuit's plaintiff, Lastonia Leviston, $5 million in damages to be paid by Jackson. 

The suit stems from a sex tape Jackson posted online in 2009 featuring Leviston and a former boyfriend who gave the tape to Jackson. The rapper digitally added himself to the 13-minute video, appearing as a narrator named "Pimpin' Curly," and he refers to Leviston as a "porn star."

Leviston has a child with Rick Ross, a rival rapper who was in an public feud with Jackson at the time. Jackson claimed the man who provided him with the video approved of it being posted online, though Leviston did not.

"This was something done to me," Levison told the Associated Press. "I didn't have a choice. I would never, ever do this to myself," The jury sided with her, ruling that Jackson owed her $5 million. Now, with Jackson's bankruptcy filing, that payment could be legally halted, as is generally the standard with such cases.

In a voluntary petition submitted to a Connecticut bankruptcy court, Jackson notes he has between one and 49 estimated creditors and assets of between $10 million and $50 million. 

"This filing for personal bankruptcy protection permits Mr. Jackson to continue his involvement with various business interests and continue his work as an entertainer, while he pursues an orderly reorganization of his financial affairs," William A. Brewer III, Jackson's lawyer, told The Wall Street Journal.

In May, Jackson's company, SMS Productions LLC, also filed for bankruptcy in New York in an attempt to avoid the consequences of Levitson's lawsuit. "Jackson's lawyers contend that since he is the primary owner of SMS, this means he, too, is protected from lawsuits by bankruptcy law and they moved to have Leviston's case [moved] to federal jurisdiction," the New York Daily News reported at the time of the incident.

Despite this action, Jackson was unable to avoid the lawsuit, and it remains to be seen how the damages payment will be handled in light of the new bankruptcy filing.

發表時間:2017年6月22日 | 評論 (0) | 全文