希特勒的私人圖書館

 

 嗜書成狂@梁文道推薦序:

 

開卷有益?這句老話我越大就越懷疑。因為我見過不少人讀書讀成了儍子,不只不通世事,而且滿腦漿糊,說話夾纏行文混亂。每回聽這種人說話,我心裏都想勸他趕快回火星。更壞的還不是讀書讀壞了腦子,而是讀出一個荼毒人世生靈混世魔王。

 

   有些獨裁者自己手不釋卷,老從書裏取靈感,幹下了殺人無算的大業,偏偏又不讓老百姓自由自在地讀書,還要焚書坑儒,毀千古文明於一世。你說,讀書對這種人來講到底是好是壞?不,我指的還不是那個現代史上最有權力的中國人,而是希特勒。

 

   難得美國的民間學者賴貝克( Timothy Ryback)想到了一個好點子,試圖從希特勒遺留下來的藏書挖掘他的思路軌跡。他先到華盛頓的美國國會圖書館,發現一大堆戰後運來但至今仍未整理完畢的希氏文檔,再去布朗大學翻閱陪伴希特勒走完他人生最後一段路的八十本書。他在書眉筆記的字跡裏推斷希特勒當時的心境,於書頁的切口處推敲他對環境變化的反應,遂成眼前這部《希特勒的私人藏書》( Hitler's Private Library),大開我讀者眼界,在芸芸講述希特勒的傳記之中別樹一幟。

 

   首先,我們發現這傢伙還真他媽的愛書。第一次世界大戰,希特勒在前線做通訊兵,每天要不是奔命在密如暴雨的槍火之間,就是躲在泥濘一片的壕溝裏喘息。可一逮到空閒,他便立刻跑到戰場邊上的小鎮找書,找一些恰好能夠塞進軍大衣口袋裏的書。其中一本是德國藝評名家馬克斯.奧斯邦( Max Osborn)寫的柏林建築指南,賴貝克認為此書對希特勒影響至深,因為奧斯邦筆下的柏林與時人的看法頗有不同;他人以為醜陋的,在他看來卻是德意志條頓武士風格的極致表現,完全不像其它德國城市那樣受到了地中海品味的污染。自此之後,希特勒就愛上了柏林,愛上了那種最純粹最均衡同時也最剛健的審美形式。只是奧斯邦恨鐵不成鋼,以為柏林不夠純粹因此也不夠美的房子還是太多;於是希特勒替他完成心願,掌權後大興土木,誓要把柏林建成「世界的首都」,純正而藍血的德意志化身。可惜奧斯邦是猶太人,在希特勒終於有能力按照他的教誨重整柏林市容的時候,他人早就不知逃到那裏去了;就連這本啟蒙希特勒的指南書,也給納粹放火燒得一乾二淨。至於賴貝克找到的這一冊,卻完好無缺地保存在希氏藏書之中,書裏甚至還夾了一根希特勒那有名的八字鬍。

 

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記得DVD架上有一個《希特勒:惡魔的崛起》(Hitler: The Rise of Evil), 戲裡以一句英國哲學家Edmund Burke的名言作開場:

"All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing."

Edmund Burke

 

希特拉一直是我仰慕的人, 先不論他是否暴君, 如何殘殺猶太人, 他由一名無名小子迅速成為一國之君, 還對外發動戰爭。這段過程有沒有人去研究? 自己亦有沒有可能於有生之年幹一番成就? 身邊的人大都是談論「爽報」很爽或看完很不爽, 八卦雜誌如何成功揭密某女星的密照像發現第二個月球般抗奮, 新聞又報著那兩個中年男人就選和不選的問題上舉旗不定, 地鐵, 電梯, 戲院, 公車, 都充斥著是非, 看小自己的說話。

 

對他們來講, 要幹一番成就, 真是指日可待嗎?

 

希特拉的出現, 為絕望的人民打了一支興奮劑, 我們的未來特首可以嗎? 或者只是為我們打一支空氣針而已......

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

發表時間:2011年9月28日 | 評論 (0) | 全文

[轉貼] 股市波動下的眾生相 - 李兆波

 hk.biz.yahoo.com/110925/366/4anlg.html
 
股市波動下的眾生相
 
上周港股經歷自2008年金融海嘯後的最大單周跌幅,恆指全周累積下跌1786點,跌幅超過9%,收報17668點。市場解讀為歐債問題無緩解跡象,美國聯儲局主席伯南克的扭曲操作成效被質疑,令到投資者對股市信心盡失,沽貨離場,拖累恆指大幅下調。面對港股下挫,一眾小股民成為「蟹民」,資金被套牢,止蝕或持貨都是艱難的抉擇,忍痛止蝕自然不捨得,但持貨就得看著資產越來越少,心傷至極。在這個看似經濟復甦遙遙無期的時代,不知如何是好?
 
有朋友因高通脹環境被迫投資,現時要「坐艇」。為了省錢,他到快餐店午膳時,放棄選擇他愛吃但稍為昂貴的「雞鮑翅湯飯」,改吃最便宜的飯,兼使用在免費報章剪下來的優惠券。他笑言,「在經濟吹冷風下,不能奢侈地吃『鮑翅』,而且一張優惠券能節省3元,等於每天儲錢買一股中國銀行(3988)(註:該股上周五收市價為2.54元),好讓我更快買到該公司一手股票。」
 
有些經驗較淺的投資者則愁眉不展。我有一位朋友在身邊親戚耳濡目染下,在八月時膽粗粗拿了四萬元買藍籌股,希望賺取一、兩千元,結果不但未嘗甜頭,還經歷其人生第一次「股災」。他持有的藍籌股跌破招股價,帳面損失近萬元,心有不甘。然而,其身邊親戚還向他建議當該藍籌股直迫「海嘯價」時,應買入更多股票溝貨。他雖然為之氣結,但仍慎重考慮這個建議。
 
最心傷可能是盲目買股的投資者。他們只是根據身邊朋友的「消息」飛撲入市,連公司所屬行業、營運模式,以至財務報表一無所知,結果見到股價下挫,心亂如麻,於是打電話到財經節目,向股票評論員問意見。當股票評論員問他該公司經營什麼業務時,他啞口無言。當然他們口袋裏的金錢,就「送給」別人了。
 
雖然大部分投資者現時愁眉苦臉,但有些人喜見股市下挫,使他們能以相對低價買入股票作中長線投資。舉例說,離開院校數年的大學畢業生通常沒有太多股票,對他們而言,或許這是一個難得的入市機會,待若干年後賺股息賺差價。有些資深投資者則洞悉先機,早前已先行沽售股票套現,等待「終極一跌」時大手買入股票作中長線投資獲利。
 
你自己又是投資市場中哪一種人呢?
 
李兆波
 
中大酒店及旅遊管理學院會計及財務高級導師

發表時間:2011年9月28日 | 評論 (0) | 全文

論人生

因為朋友強烈推介所以一個人去了戲院看<情迷午夜巴黎>, 一看迷上。 

故事講述荷李活編劇阿Gil跟未婚妻與其實人到巴黎傾生意, 豈料在這次巴黎之旅卻他們的關係亮起紅燈!

Gil的編劇生涯尚算不錯, 但他夢想撰寫自己的第一本小說, 可是身邊的人卻對他潑冷水。正當眾人沈醉於燈紅酒綠裡, 他選擇離開人群獨自出外散步找寫作靈感。他每逢午夜散步都會遇到一輛古董車載他到一個夢幻的國度, 這裡有許多他夢寐以求遇到的文豪及藝術家穿梭於他身邊, 每夜都能跟海明威, 畢加索, 達利等開懷暢飲, 舞文論墨。然而他更迷上了畢加索和Adriana的情人(Marion Cotillard), 難怪會樂而忘返!

但他有現實生活已有未婚妻, 奈何在這裡卻遇上畢加索的情人, 怎麼辦? 於是他去找飾演博物館導遊的法國第一夫人Carla Bruni,

Gil:“我想請教妳一個問題,在愛情這方面你們法國人比較前衛。我想知道... 有沒有可能同時愛上兩個人?” (他指的的是未婚妻Inez和Adriana)

第一夫人回答:“完全有這可能,兩個人你都愛,in a different way。愛的方式可以有很多種。”


每個年代的人都對自己身處的年代有很多不滿, 總認為自己身處的年代不夠上一個好。電影道出一個滑稽的事實, 順藤摸瓜想:

「不知道阿當夏娃會否對自己的年代不滿? 

我想懷舊的人說穿了都是逃避現實, 舊物件, 舊女友, 舊朋友, 通通都有她的經歷, 她們的不變給予人們安全感, 慢慢他們把現在的時間沈溺過去。我也是個懷舊, 愛逃避現實的人, 通過獨自看電影, 看書, 游泳來逃避現實, 三者的共通點是向前看(很諷剌……), 可以忽略身邊的人和事, 對不可預計的事情免疫(暫時) 

前陣子拜讀了黎耀祥先生的<戲劇浮生:黎耀祥論演技與人生>, 他在書中說喜愛做戲因為戲裡角色的對白, 動作都是預先設定, 不需要考慮交租, 肚餓, 將來。通過演戲, 他可以嘗試不同的角色, 殺手, 黑社會分子, 不會累, 可以死完再死, 無限復活。 

但走出戲棚, 所有事情都要安份守己, 要為口奔馳, 好不浪漫。 

今天剛好跟那位有品味推介這戲給我的女生吃飯, 其間她對我說她的人生挺無意義。她說姊姊工作附近有她喜愛的樂隊剛遷入作Band房, 她羨慕其中一位主音, 因他比我那位朋友只年長幾天而已便能以自己興趣作事業, 反觀自己卻是庸碌渡日。

老實講, 她就像鏡子反映我的現狀…… 

Steve Jobs勸勉我們要做我們愛的事, <下班後的黃金8小時>提醒我們要好好把握下班後和睡前那8小時來建立自己的事業。事業, 不要職業, 事業是一種能做一生的東西, 老實講這一刻我想起婚姻, 大家之前有看過小弟的<論婚姻>都知道我對於這些一生只能做一次的東面有多麼令人卻步。

若這一刻硬要想一些做一生的事我會想到: 踢足球(當守門員), 看電影看書, 做皮革製作 

我勸她不如去旅行, 出外看看這個世界, 以宏觀的角度去看這個世界, 再審視自己, 說不定會有其他得著。回家路上我想, 我對她說的說彷彿也像對自己說......所以我鐵定會一個人去旅行! 不理股市如何升跌, 不理家人如何反對, 就讓我獨立, 一個人走出去吧!

你是時候要出外散散步, 找找做人的靈感沒有?

 

 

發表時間:2011年9月28日 | 評論 (0) | 全文

27/9/2011 股市分享

stocks

今天股市反彈, 心裡都好過一點, 於是沽了一手國際煤機(HK:1683)套現, 始終我認為十月及十二月還有機會以更平的價錢再買她, 相反農行(HK:1288), 現正候機會多買三手。

現持股比例下降至66.2%

另外, 每天跌一兩毫的市況實在很難熬, 所以計劃十月下旬會套現一點資金出來十一月去旅行散心。

共勉之

 

 

發表時間:2011年9月27日 | 評論 (0) | 全文

[轉貼] Steve Jobs : Stay Hungry, stay foolish

今天放假, 股票已經不太想留意, 於是奪門出去散步, 經過中環那個偽天星碼頭, 見到有一疊「爽報」, 姑且一看,

誰知被一版全版關於Steve Job的講稿吸引著, 覺得很有意思, 排版那位真的很有幽默感, 要人們潔淨心靈後才去看那些所謂意淫, 不堪入目的。

於是, 我一直看到登船, 椅子還未坐暖已經到達尖沙嘴天星碼頭了, 回頭看看對岸的IFC, 心想:「到底有多少人知道Steve Jobs是何許人?」

(From : Apple Opens First Hong Kong Store as Retail Spending Surges ,  Blomberg)

 當日演講內容:

www.youtube.com/watch

 


 

'You've got to find what you love,' Jobs says

This is a prepared text of the Commencement address delivered by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, on June 12, 2005.

 

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it's likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.

This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope it's the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.

news.stanford.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505.html

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「假如今天是生命最後一天, 你會怎樣做?」

電影<Source Code>又是差不多道理, 「假如生命只剩一分鐘, 你會怎樣做?」, 很浪漫, 很灑脫。

若果是我, 我會跟自己喜愛的朋友說, 我愛你們, 對我討厭的人說不要那麼早死, 因為你下來就是我的復仇時間。

 

發表時間:2011年9月27日 | 評論 (0) | 全文

[轉貼] 黃金的用途

巴菲特說如果將全世界的黃金集合一起, 只是一個金色的方塊, 事實上黃金是否真的一無是處? 我孤陋寡聞, 只知道黃金有好的導電體和可以製成外婆的「金牙」......哈哈!

於是我找來一篇文章, 大家一起進步。

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http://www.xjkytz.com/jinkuangtanmi/200810/29-558.html

黃金用于工業技術方面的時間,只有幾十年,隨著現代工業、農業和航天電子工業以及信息技術、新能源、新材料的迅速發展,為黃金的應用開拓了廣泛的領域。博伊爾在《金的地球化學及金礦床》的專著中,稱1950年以後為“金的工業時期”。

一、金在電子工業中的應用
 
由于金具有優異的穩定性,良好的導電導熱性能,因此使金在電子工業上的用途愈來愈廣泛。宇航技術的發展,要求穩定程度很高的無線電電子元件愈來愈多,如高級真空管的塗料,特種用途的電力接頭,特種精密電子儀器中用的拉絲導線,電鍍金的高頻導體以及高溫焊接用金合金。在計算機、收音機、電視機、收錄機等方面用的塗金集成電路等。據報道,1987年全世界電子工業需求量123t,佔總需求量的7.7%。
 
二、金在化學工業中的應用
 
在化學工業中,也有獨特的用途,如核化工廠用的材料,人造纖維類工廠用的合金噴絲頭等。
 
三、金在宇航工業中的應用
在航天工業中,金的用途也在發展與開拓之中。飛機和其他空間運輸工具中用的鍍金紅外裝置和熱反射器,噴氣發動機和火箭發動機用塗金防熱罩或熱遮護板以及飛機、汽車、輪船等交通工具塗有薄層金的熱擋玻璃等。
 
四、金在傳統工業中應用
 
鑲牙業、照相和制筆等傳統工業中,黃金的應用仍具有一定的消耗量。金在科學技術上的應用,正處在不斷開發中。日本某大學原子能研究所秋洪良三發現金晶體堆積,可構成超導薄膜。預計,隨著科學的發展和新技術不斷出現,黃金的應用領域將不斷擴大。
 
自人類開採黃金以來到1986年為止,世界累計開採黃金10.77萬t。這些黃金的大部分以各種形式存在于世間。有人估計其中40%是以各種鑲金珠寶、貨幣保存著;有40%以金錠的形式儲存在各國金庫中;另有20%被損失和被工業消耗掉。估計私人擁有黃金量(包括金條、金幣和珠寶等)同官方的黃金儲備數一樣多。
 
1985年底世界黃金儲備量為65315t,其中官方黃金儲備最多的是美國,達8220t,私人儲備量最多是法國,為6251t。印度和美國的私人儲備量都為3732t。
發表時間:2011年9月24日 | 評論 (0) | 全文